The U.S. trade deficit fell to the lowest level in more than nine years in May as exports posted a small gain while the weak American economy pushed imports down for a 10th straight month.
The slight rebound in exports, combined with a slower pace of decline in imports, showed that the nosedive in global activity may be starting to ebb. Delayed revivals overseas likely will hinder a rebound in the U.S., but most analysts still expect the American economy to grow a bit later this year.
The Commerce Department said Friday the deficit narrowed to $26 billion, a drop of 9.8 percent from April and the lowest level since November 1999. Economists expected the deficit to widen to $30.2 billion in May.
So far this year, the deficit is running at an annual rate of $350 billion, about half of the $695.9 billion deficit for all of 2008. Economists believe that trend will continue as weakness in the U.S. depresses demand for imported goods.
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"I think this was a very positive report and consistent with the idea that the U.S. recession will come to an end in the next few months," said Mark Zandi, chief economist for Moody's Economy.com.
The dwindling deficit reflects the prolonged U.S. recession, which has sharply reduced American demand for imported goods. U.S. exports also are down from last year's peaks, hurting American manufacturers, but those declines have been smaller than the plunge in imports.
Sal Guatieri, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets, said the much slower pace of decline in imports showed consumer spending may improve in the coming months. He'll be watching imports of appliances and clothing for early signs of a consumer rebound.
Exports of goods and services rose 1.6 percent to $123.3 billion in May, reflecting increased sales of soybeans, corn and other farm products, along with higher exports of industrial machinery, generators and computers. But even with the May increase, U.S. exports are 25 percent below the record-high set in July 2008.
Imports edged down 0.6 percent to $149.3 billion, the 10th consecutive monthly decline. Imports are 34.9 percent below the all-time high set last July.
The May decline reflected a 3.4 percent drop in petroleum imports to $17.4 billion. The decrease reflected lower volumes as the average price of an imported barrel of crude oil rose to $51.21, from $46.60 in April.
This week, the 186-nation International Monetary Fund released an updated economic forecast, predicting that the global economy will shrink 1.4 percent this year, the worst performance in the post-World War II period. That forecast was slightly worse than the 1.3 percent decline the IMF predicted in April.